The favorable ruling at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in the matter of Nicaragua’s dispute with Colombia reveals both a flagrant contradiction and holds a lesson for us.
The lesson is that following the path of established policies yields positive results for the nation over the long haul. The defense of Nicaragua’s territorial interests is one of the few national strategies that have been pursued with continuity by all the different governments over the last forty years.
The same thing has never occurred in other areas that are crucial to our development, such as education, fiscal policy or the construction of democratic institutions. In these cases, the norm has been: “start again with a clean slate,” or even worse, demolish everything the previous governments had done. The latter has been Ortega’s course with everything related to building democratic institutions.
In addition, Colombia’s refusal to recognize the authority of the International Court to delineate the border between the two countries is doubly ironic, in a way that reflects on Colombia as much as it does on Nicaragua.
On the one hand, rejecting the ruling and the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice merely because it wasn’t favorable to his country is in no way consistent with President Juan Manuel Santos’ claim of being the perfect democratic leader.
And on the other hand, it’s also inconsistent that the government of Comandante Ortega should celebrate the validity and legitimacy of the international law emanating from the court in The Hague, at the same time that he presides over an authoritarian regime that systematically violates the national Constitution and the most elemental norms of the law.
Suffice it to say that in our country they don’t even respect the constitutional norm of 48 hours to detain someone before either letting them go or putting them before a judge; and that we also lack a minimum degree of checks and balances between the state powers. Rather, these have lost their autonomy and are subject to the orders and rulings of the leader in the most grotesque way.
Therefore, in the same way that we question President Santos for refusing to recognize the resolution from The Hague in contradiction with his democratic commitment, we Nicaraguans should demand that our government’s policies inside the country be consistent with what it proclaims on the outside.
The government can’t go on being “Dr. Jeckyll” in public and “Mr. Hyde” at home. If Comandante Ortega wants his government to be respected and taken seriously as a loyal defender of international law, then it’s also obliged to respect the law and democratic proceedings in our country without exception. This must involve fully restoring the rule of law which has been violated by an authoritarian order.
There aren’t two different yardsticks for measuring respect for law. A congruent policy should begin by restoring the right to free and transparent elections and returning the power of decision to a sovereign people.
This article has been translated from Spanish by Havana Times.